Scientific Name:
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Toxic Parts:
all parts, bulbs, flowers
cardiac glycosides
Flower Color:
waterside, wetlands, haybales, gardens

Geographical Distribution

Star of Bethlehem distribution - United States

Star Of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ornithogalums, Pregnant onion, Chinkerichee
7/ 10
Star-of-bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum) is a bulbous plant belonging to the lily family. It is a popular cultivated flower which are often sold as cut flowers or ornamental garden flowers. In the United States, they have escaped cultivation and now grow naturally in the wild in many areas. O. umbellatum have onion-like bulbs, grass-like leaves, and produce clusters of small white to green colored flowers.

Toxic components
O. umbellatum contains a substance having an action very similar, if not identical with that of the glycosides of foxglove. All parts of O. umbellatum are highly toxic to poultry, due to the presence of convallatoxin and convalloside, which are cardioactive steroids that affect the heart. Chickens need only to ingest a single flower head for it to be lethal.